Home Care

Overview of the Home Care Practice

The home care industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the United States, with one of the largest workforces in the country. However, the industry is marked by constant challenges, from inadequate reimbursement, workforce shortages, and regulations that have failed to keep up with the demands of the marketplace. Poricanin’s Home Care Industry practice focuses on representing home care providers nationally on all matters that may face home care providers, including regulatory approvals, mergers and acquisitions, dissolutions, day-to-day clinical compliance, regulatory and Medicaid and Medicare adherence, litigation, labor and employment rules and procedures, and government audits.

Poricanin represents clients in the home care industry with any of the following:

Licensing, Certification, and Initial Accreditations

Poricanin counsels and represents home care providers regarding initial licensing and/or accreditation before federal and New York State regulatory agencies, assisting providers with completing and satisfying licensing requirements and defending any application before a government approval agency and helping draft responses to proposals and/or grant applications.

Governance and Compliance

Poricanin works with providers to satisfy any federal or State licensing conditions and any specific programmatic requirements. Some of the many services offered by the attorneys and consultants at Poricanin include:

  • Establishment and implementation of policies and practices
  • Management training on all home care matters, including HIPAA and corporate compliance requirements
  • Serving as an “outside corporate compliance” officer for home care entities
  • Providing guidance on internal audit and monitoring, risk assessment, and corrective measures
  • Complying with all applicable personnel/employee requirements
  • Advice on the fiduciary obligations of directors
  • Assistance in conducting internal investigations relating to potential compliance violations, including whistleblower allegations
  • Counsel regarding properly responding to inquiries from governmental agencies
  • Counsel regarding purchases and sales of assets
  • Guidance in the development, implementation, review, and revision of provider compliance programs

HIPAA and Privacy Issues

Poricanin advises and represents covered entities and business associates on privacy matters under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and New York State confidentiality laws. We assist providers in negotiating contractual relationships, implementing proper privacy policies and procedures, and managing privacy breaches and breach notifications.

Nonprofit Organization and Governance Issues

Poricanin’s consultants and attorneys advise nonprofit home care providers on best practices in corporate governance and regulatory compliance. Poricanin assists in the development of charters and bylaws and the formulation of compliance policies. We also assist in conducting internal investigations relating to potential compliance violations, including whistleblower allegations, and in responding to inquiries from governmental agencies

Medicare, Medicaid, and Other Reimbursement Issues

Poricanin advises home care providers on Medicare and Medicaid billing and reimbursement issues and assists them in analyzing the reimbursement consequences of alternative business structures. We work with providers that predominantly rely on public payment sources, such as Medicaid and Medicare, in identifying and complying with all rules and regulations applicable to such providers. When problems arise, Poricanin represents providers in Medicare and Medicaid audits and appeals.

Audits, Investigations, and Appeals

We represent providers in Medicare and Medicaid audits, investigations, appeals, and enforcement proceedings, and we assist providers in matters before the New York State Department of Health, Office of the Medicaid Inspector General, and Medicaid Fraud Control Unit, the Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the U.S. Department of Justice.

Health Care Litigation and Dispute Resolution

At Poricanin, we assist providers in federal and state court litigation, administrative challenges to governmental action (e.g., New York State Department of Health findings, OMIG audits, and in New York Attorney General subpoena investigations), and arbitration proceedings.

Health Care Mergers, Acquisitions, and Joint Ventures

Poricanin assists home care providers and entrepreneurs in structuring mergers, sales and acquisitions, reorganizations, and joint ventures. We advise clients about New York licensing requirements and the regulatory overlay that applies to any corporate transaction.

Labor and Employment Matters

Poricanin works with providers concerning the recruitment, retention, and termination of employees, compliance with various labor and employment laws applicable to employees (including wage parity for home care workers in New York State), negotiating collective bargaining agreements, defending class action wage and hour lawsuits, providing workplace training (e.g., anti-harassment training), representing employers before administrative agencies (e.g., EEOC, NYC Department of Consumer Affairs, Department of Labor) and defending employers in litigation involving allegations of discrimination, harassment, and retaliation.

Representative Matters in the Home Care Industry

  • Assisting providers with initial licensing and/or accreditation before federal and State regulatory agencies.
  • Working with providers to apply for and gain admission into various provider networks and then helping selected providers to establish and meet the programmatic requirements of the specific medical program and/or service.
  • Assisting providers in establishing and implementing corporate compliance programs.
  • Counseling providers on conditions of participation and compliance requirements established by various Medicaid and Medicare programs.
  • Conducting investigations based on complaints or whistleblower reports to determine if there have been improper claims made and whether self-disclosure and repayment is warranted. Working with providers who do self-disclose through all aspects of the process.
  • Conduct self-audits of internal practices under attorney-client privilege to determine whether the provider is in compliance, and assist providers in implementing any remedial actions.
  • Advise providers on personnel requirements, including requirements concerning immunizations, training for healthcare personnel, and OSHA matters.
  • Prepare cease and desist letters for employees who violate noncompetition or non-solicitation obligations.
  • Advise employers concerning whistleblower complaints.
  • Provide training to home care providers supervisors’ regarding management of personnel, to account for the various healthcare requirements and federal and State labor and employment laws.
  • Prepare corporate compliance policies to ensure the healthcare entity has a culture of compliance and can weather any compliance-related challenges, including working on developing written policies and procedures for all staff, designating the compliance officer and creating reporting channels and communication channels, providing training and education, and assisting employers in responding to offenses.
  • Assist providers in preparing for emergency preparedness drills, and how to comply with federal and state mandates regarding emergency preparedness.
  • Attend Board of Trustees or Board of Directors meetings to advise on self-disclosure and compliance matters.
  • Evaluate wage and hour and compensation practices of providers and advise on how to properly pay employees to comply with federal and State overtime laws.
  • Assist providers in disputes with payors, including managed care organizations.
  • Develop employment-related policies, such as drug and alcohol testing policies, code of conduct, employee leave policies, and compensation procedures.
  • Prepare proposals in response to RFPs for services for various federal and state grants and other programs.
  • Work with home care providers to ensure annual training requirements (e.g., sexual harassment training in New York) is implemented in compliance with State requirements.
  • Train direct-care staff on confidentiality requirements, HIPAA, corporate compliance, record-keeping and reporting, code of conduct, and dispute resolution.
  • Prepare applications for fiscal intermediaries before New York Department of Health.
  • Advise providers related to compliance with federal and state laws concerning marijuana (recreational and medicinal).


Contact one of our advisors to hear what we can do for you!

Home Care Articles

Update on NY Healthcare Budget: Implications on Home Care

Update on NY Healthcare Budget: Implications on Home Care

Sections of the health care budget seem to be slowly being released as the Legislature and the Governor work feverishly to finalize the New York State budget this week. By all accounts in Albany, the New York State budget will be finalized by the end of this week. We have received what appears to be […]